SAIL Question Papers - SAIL Interview Questions and Answers updated on Jun 2024

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Steel Authority of India Limited - A Maharatna Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) is the leading steel-making company in India. It is a fully integrated iron and steel maker, producing both basic and special steels for domestic construction, engineering, power, railway, automotive and defense industries and for sale in export markets. SAIL is also among the five Maharatnas of the country's Central Public Sector Enterprises.

SAIL manufactures and sells a broad range of steel products, including hot and cold rolled sheets and coils, galvanized sheets, electrical sheets, structural, railway products, plates, bars and rods, stainless steel and other alloy steels. SAIL produces iron and steel at five integrated plants and three special steel plants, located principally in the eastern and central regions of India and situated close to domestic sources of raw materials, including the Company's iron ore, limestone and dolomite mines. The company has the distinction of being India’s second largest producer of iron ore and of having the country’s second largest mines network. This gives SAIL a competitive edge in terms of captive availability of iron ore, limestone, and dolomite which are inputs for steel making.

SAIL's wide range of long and flat steel products are much in demand in the domestic as well as the international market. This vital responsibility is carried out by SAIL's own Central Marketing Organisation (CMO) that transacts business through its network of 37 Branch Sales Offices spread across the four regions, 25 Departmental Warehouses, 42 Consignment Agents and 27 Customer Contact Offices. CMO’s domestic marketing effort is supplemented by its ever widening network of rural dealers who meet the demands of the smallest customers in the remotest corners of the country. With the total number of dealers over 2000 , SAIL's wide marketing spread ensures availability of quality steel in virtually all the districts of the country.

SAIL's International Trade Division ( ITD),in New Delhi- an ISO 9001:2000 accredited unit of CMO, undertakes exports of Mild Steel products and Pig Iron from SAIL’s five integrated steel plants.

With technical and managerial expertise and know-how in steel making gained over four decades, SAIL's Consultancy Division (SAILCON) at New Delhi offers services and consultancy to clients world-wide.

SAIL has a well-equipped Research and Development Centre for Iron and Steel (RDCIS) at Ranchi which helps to produce quality steel and develop new technologies for the steel industry. Besides, SAIL has its own in-house Centre for Engineering and Technology (CET),Management Training Institute (MTI) and Safety Organisation at Ranchi. Our captive mines are under the control of the Raw Materials Division in Kolkata. The Environment Management Division and Growth Division of SAIL operate from their headquarters in Kolkata. Almost all our plants and major units are ISO Certified.

Ownership and Management
The Government of India owns about 86% of SAIL's equity and retains voting control of the Company. However, SAIL, by virtue of its ‘Maharatna’ status, enjoys significant operational and financial autonomy

To be a respected world class corporation and the leader in Indian steel business in quality, productivity, profitability and customer satisfaction.

We build lasting relationships with customers based on trust and mutual benefit.
We uphold highest ethical standards in conduct of our business.
We create and nurture a culture that supports flexibility, learning and is proactive to change.
We chart a challenging career for employees with opportunities for advancement and rewards.
We value the opportunity and responsibility to make a meaningful difference in people's lives.

Company Policy
Enterprise Risk Management Policy
Corporate Social Responsibility Policy
Sail Mediclaim Scheme For Retired Employees
Inter Plant Standardization in Steel Industry (IPSS)
Safety Policy
Quality Policy
Corporate Environmental Policy
Human Resource Policy
Information Technology Security Policy
Sustainable Development Policy

Major Units 

Integrated Steel Plants
Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) in Chhattisgarh
Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP) in West Bengal
Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) in Orissa
Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) in Jharkhand
IISCO Steel Plant (ISP) in West Bengal
Special Steel Plants
Alloy Steels Plants (ASP) in West Bengal
Salem Steel Plant (SSP) in Tamil Nadu
Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant (VISL) in Karnataka
Ferro Alloy Plant
Chandrapur Ferro Alloy Plant
A Rich Heritage A flashback album of SAIL 

The Precursor
SAIL traces its origin to the formative years of an emerging nation - India. After independence the builders of modern India worked with a vision - to lay the infrastructure for rapid industrialisaton of the country. The steel sector was to propel the economic growth. Hindustan Steel Private Limited was set up on January 19, 1954.

Expanding Horizon (1959-1973)
Hindustan Steel (HSL) was initially designed to manage only one plant that was coming up at Rourkela. For Bhilai and Durgapur Steel Plants, the preliminary work was done by the Iron and Steel Ministry. From April 1957, the supervision and control of these two steel plants were also transferred to Hindustan Steel. The registered office was originally in New Delhi. It moved to Calcutta in July 1956, and ultimately to Ranchi in December 1959.

The 1 MT phases of Bhilai and Rourkela Steel Plants were completed by the end of December 1961. The 1 MT phase of Durgapur Steel Plant was completed in January 1962 after commissioning of the Wheel and Axle plant. The crude steel production of HSL went up from .158 MT (1959-60) to 1.6 MT. A new steel company, Bokaro Steel Limited, was incorporated in January 1964 to construct and operate the steel plant at Bokaro.The second phase of Bhilai Steel Plant was completed in September 1967 after commissioning of the Wire Rod Mill. The last unit of the 1.8 MT phase of Rourkela - the Tandem Mill - was commissioned in February 1968, and the 1.6 MT stage of Durgapur Steel Plant was completed in August 1969 after commissioning of the Furnace in SMS. Thus, with the completion of the 2.5 MT stage at Bhilai, 1.8 MT at Rourkela and 1.6 MT at Durgapur, the total crude steel production capacity of HSL was raised to 3.7 MT in 1968-69 and subsequently to 4MT in 1972-73.

Holding Company
The Ministry of Steel and Mines drafted a policy statement to evolve a new model for managing industry. The policy statement was presented to the Parliament on December 2, 1972. On this basis the concept of creating a holding company to manage inputs and outputs under one umbrella was mooted. This led to the formation of Steel Authority of India Ltd. The company, incorporated on January 24, 1973 with an authorized capital of Rs. 2000 crore, was made responsible for managing five integrated steel plants at Bhilai, Bokaro, Durgapur, Rourkela and Burnpur, the Alloy Steel Plant and the Salem Steel Plant. In 1978 SAIL was restructured as an operating company.

Since its inception, SAIL has been instrumental in laying a sound infrastructure for the industrial development of the country. Besides, it has immensely contributed to the development of technical and managerial expertise. It has triggered the secondary and tertiary waves of economic growth by continuously providing the inputs for the consuming industry.

SAIL - Into the Future 
Modernisation & Expansion
SAIL, is in the process of modern
izing and expanding its production units, raw material resources and other facilities to maintain its dominant position in the Indian steel market. The objective is to achieve a production capacity of 26.2 MTPA of Hot Metal from the base level production of 14.6 MTPA (2006-07 – Actual).

A new unit coming up at ISP
Orders for all major packages of ISP & SSP and part packages of BSL, BSP, RSP & DSP Expansion have been placed and these packages are in various stages of implementation

Objective of Expansion Plan

100% production of steel through Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) route
100% processing of steel through continuous casting
Value addition by reduction of semi-finished steel
Auxiliary fuel injection system in all the Blast Furnaces
State-of-art process control computerization / automation
State-of-art online testing and quality control
Energy saving schemes
Secondary refining
Adherence to environment norms

Production Target
The production target of hot metal, crude steel and saleable steel after Expansion is indicated below:


Figures in bracket indicate capacity after implementation of ongoing phase of modernization and expansion to be completed by 2012-2013

Founded:         1954

Headquarters:  Ispat Bhawan, New Delhi, <st1:country-region w:st="on">India

Key people:      C.S. Verma (Chairman)

Corporate Office:

Ispat Bhawan,

Lodi Road,

New Delhi-110 003

Phone: 011-243 67481

Training for freshers:

SAIL's training policy is based on the realisation that the development of human resources is crucial to the success of their organisation. The company is also aware of the changing environment with respect to continuously updating technologies, skills, attitudinal changes, growth strategies and future plans.

The various training schemes in vogue at the plant/unit Training Centres of SAIL are

a) Training of New Entrants - Management Trainees (Tech),Management Trainees (Admn),Junior Manager (Finance),Senior Operative Trainees, Junior Operative Trainees, Artisan Trainees, Trade Apprentices. The training periods of these categories vary between 3 months to 3 years.

b) Training of Executives - Need based general management, functional training programmes, Micro planning, Action Leadership Training for upgradation etc. are conducted at Plant Management Training Centres and Management Training Institute at Ranchi. These programmes are of short duration of 1 to 4 weeks where eminent outside guest faculty and specialists are also invited to share their experiences.

c) Training of Non-executives - Supervisory development functional programmes, shop floor skill development programmes e.g. Unit Training, Refresher Training Schemes, Redeployment Training, Training in Basic Maintenance Skills are organised at Plant / Unit levels as per the organisational needs and developmental needs of employees.

d) Training within <st1:country-region w:st="on">India - In order to keep abreast with the development in various specialities / functions a number of employees both executives and non-executives are deputed to reputed training establishments / professional agencies / institutes / supplier organisations for training within <st1:country-region w:st="on">India. Under this, around 8-10% executives are deputed each year.

e) Training Abroad - For the transfer and absorption of advanced and new technologies, a good number of qualified technologists and specialists of SAIL plants are deputed every year for training abroad in countries like USA, USSR, West Germany, UK, Japan, Austria, Australia etc.

f) Manpower Development - Looking at the short term and long term developmental needs of man power, a number of in-house programmes are conducted in each Unit/Plant Training Institutes and at the Management Training Institute, Ranchi.

It may also be mentioned here that the training plans drawn and implemented in different units of SAIL are tailor made to meet the needs of each Plant/Unit. Continuous efforts are being made to train the manpower through systematic approach to training.

For more information please visit the Official website.

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