National and International-General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Noble Prize:Noble Prize are for Contributions to society

Nobel prize winners of India

Rabindra Nath Tagore - 1913 inLiterature, C. V. Raman -1930 in Physics Har Govind Khurana -1968 for Medicine, Mother Teresa - 1979 for Peace, Amartya Sen -1998 for Economics R. K. Pachuri - 2007 for Peace

Oscars Award

The Oscars ( Organized by the Academyof Motion Picture Arts and Sciences) -a set of awards given annuallyfor excellence of cinematic achievements

List of IndianOscar Winners

India's first Oscars Winner-BhanuAthaiya (Best Costume Designer for Richard Attenborough's filmGandhi in 1982)

Satyajit Ray won Honourary award forLifetime achievement in cinema. (1991)

Russell Pookutty - Best Sound Mixingfor Danny Boyle's film Slumdog Millionaire in 2008

A.R Rahman won 2 awards Best Score andBest Original Song (music) for Slumdog Millionaire in 2008

Gulzar won Best Song (lyrics) forSlumdog Millionaire in 2008

Bharath Ratna

It is India's highest civilian award,awarded for the highest degrees of national service

1st Indian to be awarded the BharathRatna - C. Rajagopalachari

No one received the Bharat Ratna for2013. The last awardee for Bharat Ratna was late Bhimsen Joshi whohad won in 2008.

Padma Awards

Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan andPadma Shri Padma awards are for exceptional and distinguished servicein any field including service rendered by Government servants.

Out of the total of 54 Padma award, 2were the Padma Vibhushan awards, 10 were the Padma Bhushan awards and42 were the Padma Shree awards.

The list of the winners was announcedon 25 January 2013.

International Gandhi Peace Prize

This award is given to individuals andinstitutions for their contributions towards social, economic andpolitical revolution through non-violence and Gandhian philosophy.The award carries Rs. 10 million in cash.

Former Zambian President Kenneth Kaundahas received the 2012 Mahatma Gandhi International Award for Peaceand Reconciliation from the Gandhi Development Trust (GDT) in SouthAfrica.

Lal Bahadur Shastri NationalAward

Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award isfor Excellence in Public Administration, Academics and Management

Smt. Tessy Thomas, chosen for theprestigious “Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence inPublic Administration" - 2012

Gallantry Awards

: Itis the highest decoration of valour awarded for the most conspicuousbravery or some daring or prominent act of valour or self-sacrificein the presence of the enemy on land,sea or air.

MAHA VIR CHAKRA :It is the second highest decoration. It is awarded for acts ofconspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land,at sea or in the air.

VIR CHAKRA : It isthe third in the order of awards for acts of gallantry in the face ofthe enemy on land,sea or air.

ASHOK CHAKRA :Awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring act of valouror self-sacrifice on land, at sea or in the air.

KIRTI CHAKRA : Awardedfor conspicuous gallantry.

SHAURYA CHAKRA : Awardedfor an act of gallantry.

PARAM VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL: Awarded in recognition of distinguished service of the mostexceptional order.

ATI VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL :Awarded in recognition of distinguished service of an exceptionalorder.

VISHISHT SEWA MEDAL :Awarded in recognition of distinguished service of a high order.

SENA MEDAL / NAU SENA :MEDAL/VAYU SENA MEDAL For good work on the field, at sea or in theair.

Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

The Indira Gandhi Prize or the IndiraGandhi Peace Prize or the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmamentand Development is the prestigious award accorded annually by Indiato individuals or organizations in recognition of creative effortstoward promoting international peace, development and a newinternational economic order. The prize carries a cash award of 25lakh Indian rupees

Pulitzer Prize

The Pulitzer is a U.S. award forachievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature, andmusical composition. It was established in 1917 by provisions in thewill of American (Hungarian-born) publisher Joseph Pulitzer, and isadministered by Columbia University in New York City.Prizes areawarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of the categories,each winner receives a certificate and a US$10,000 cash award.Thewinner in the public service category of the journalism competitionis awarded a gold medal.

The Golden Peacock Awards

It is recognised worldwide as thehallmark of corporate excellence. It builds the Brand Equity andinspires and aligns the entire workforce.

23rd World Congress on Leadership &Quality of Governance & Presentation of Golden Peacock Awards washeld at Bengaluru on February 8-9, 2013 . The theme for the WorldCongress this year was the challenge of integrating leadership andquality of governance for sustainability.

Manthan Award

It is an initiative in India torecognize the best practices in e-Content and Creativity.

Man Booker Prize

The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is aliterary prize awarded each year for the best original full-lengthnovel, written in the English language, by a citizen of theCommonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe.

FiFi Award

The FiFi (Fragrance Foundation) Awards honor the fragrance industry's creative achievements

Magsaysay Awards

The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annualaward established to perpetuate former Philippine President RamonMagsaysay's. This award is given annually on August 31, foroutstanding contributions to Public service, community leadership,journalism, literature and creative arts and internationalunderstanding.They are often regarding as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

Green Star Award

The Green Star Awards recognize thosewho have made extraordinary efforts to respond to environmentaldisasters around the world.

The UN Office for the Coordination ofHumanitarian Affairs, Green Cross International and the UNEnvironment Programme are the joint organizers of the Awards. The2013 edition of the Green Star Awards will be presented on 2September 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland, as part of the 20thanniversary celebrations of Green Cross International.

Sports awards of India and Football cupCompetitions in India

Sports Awards of India

RajivGandhi Khel Ratna

The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is India’shighest honour given for achievement in sports

1st recipient of Rajiv Ganghi KhelRatna Award - Viswanathan Anand 1st women recipient of Rajiv GanghiKhel Ratna Award - Karnam Malleshwari

Arjuna Awards

The Arjuna Award was instituted in 1961as the highest national recognition of distinguished sportspersons.The awardee is given a bronze statuette of Arjuna, a scroll, and acash prize along with a monogram, a blazer and a tie. During the year1994, the amount of cash prize to the winner of the Ariuna Award wasRs. 50.000/ 241. Arjuna Awards for the year 1994 were Presented bythe president of India to 8 outstanding sportspersons at RashtrapatiBhawan on the 29th August, 1995.

Dronacharya Award

Dronacharya Award was instituted in1985 to honour eminent coaches who have done outstanding andmeritorious 'work on consistent basis Every awardee is given a cashprize of Rs. 75,000/ alongwith a bronze statue of Dronacharya, ascroll, a suit, a blazer and a tie.

Dhyan Chand Award

Dhyan Chand Award is India's highestaward for lifetime achievement in sports and games, given by theGovernment of India.The award is named after the legendary Indianhockey player Dhyan Chand. The award was initiated in 2002. The awardcarries a cash prize of INR 5 lakh (500,000 rupees)

MAKA Award

The Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA)Award is given primarily to the top overall winners in theInter-University Tournaments, as these tournaments are a very muchintegral and important part of games and sports in the universitiesand colleges and they also play a very important role in supplyingthe talents to the country. They usually send their recommendation tothe Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports of India each year.

Football Cup Competitions inIndia

Federation Cup

Abbreviated as the Fed cup, this isone of the knockout styled club football match, which is held in thenation every year. Starting from the year 1977, this is one of themost prestigious and important national level football match afterthe I - League. The winning club of this cup is provided with anopportunity to compete in the A. F. C. Cup or the Asian FootballConfederation Cup where they are accompanied by the champion team ofthe I - League.

Durand Cup

Started in the year 1888 at Shimla byMortimer Durand, the then Foreign Secretary of India, this tournamentwas suspended twice in between during the time of the world wars.Though, initially, it was held in Dagshai as a recreational event forthe British troops, but later in 1940, the city of New Delhi becamethe permanent venue of the tournament.

Santosh Trophy

This is one of the annual footballtournaments in India, where the state as well as the governmentinstitutions participate. The football team from the state of WestBengal was the 1st winner of this trophy. As of now, they even leadthe list of the all-time winners with 31 titles.

Indian Super Cup

Contested between the winners of theFederation Cup and the I - League, this is a one-off yearly clubfootball match in India. In case, the champions of the I - Leaguebecomes the Federation Cup winner, then the opposition is formed bythe runners-up of the league. The winning team of this footballtournament of India receives the shield whereas, the individualplayers receive winners' medals.

I. F. A. Shield

Organized by the I. F. A. or theIndian Football Association, it is a yearly football competition.Started in the year 1893, this is the 4th oldest club football cupcompetition of the world.