# SBI Reasoning Questions

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Reasoning Part -1

1. In certain code DROWN is written as MXNSC. How is BREAK written in that code?

(1) LBFSC

(2) JBDSA  (Ans)

(3) JZDQA

(4) LZFQC

(5) None of these

Explanation :  Write the letters in reverse order. The code for 1st, 3rd and 5th letters is the preceding letter and for 2nd and 4th, the next letter.

DROWN        NWORD         BREAK         KAERB

MXNSC                           JBDSA

2.  Among M, N, T, R and D each having a different height, T is taller than D but shorter than M. R is taller than N but shorter than D. Who among them is the tallest?

(1) D

(2) T

(3) M (Ans)

(4) R

(5) N

Explanation :  M T D R N

3How many such digits are there in the number 5436182 each of which is as far away from the beginning of the number as when the digits are arranged in ascending order within the number?

(1) None

(2) One  (Ans)

(3) Two

(4) Three

(5) More than three

Explanation : 3 only

4. What should come next in the letter series given below?

D D E D E F D E F G D E F G H D E F G H I D E F G H I J D

(1) D

(2) E (Ans)

(3) F

(4) J

(5) None of these

Explanation :  E F G H I J K

5. The letters in the word MORTIFY are changed in such a way that the vowels are replaced by the previous letter in the English alphabet and the consonants are replaced by the next letter in the English alphabet. Which of the following will be the fourth letter from the right end of the new set of letters?

(1) S

(2) H

(3) G

(4) N

(5) None of these  (Ans)

Explanation :  N N S (SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 5)  H G Z

6. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(1) Leaf

(2) Flower

(3) Petal

(4) Fruit

(5) Tree (Ans)

Explanation :  Others are parts of tree.

7. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(1) Garlic

(2) Ginger

(3) Carrot

(5) Brinjal (Ans)

Explanation :  All the others grow below the surface.

8. How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters ALPE using each letter only once in each word?

(1) None

(2) One

(3) Two

(4) Three (Ans)

(5) More than three

Explanation : PALE, LEAP, PEAL.

9. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(1) 24

(2) 48

(3) 32

(4) 72

(5) 64 (Ans)

Explanation : It is a perfect square. (8).

10. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word CHAMBERS each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

(1) None

(2) One

(3) Two  (Ans)

(4) Three

(5) More than three

Explanation : C and A and R  and S.

11-15. In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statement to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

(1) if only Conclusion I follows.

(2) if only Conclusion II follows.

(3) if either Conclusion I or II follows.

(4) if neither Conclusion I nor II follows.

(5) if both Conclusions I and II follow.

Statements  :

11.    Some toys are desks.

Some desks are pens.

All pens are rods.

Conclusions :

I. Some rods are toys.

II. Some pens are toys.

(Ans : 4)  Explanation : SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 11

Statements  :

12.    Some tables are huts.

No hut is ring.

All rings are bangles.

Conclusions :

I. Some bangles are tables.

II. No bangle is table.

(Ans : 2)  Explanation : SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 12

Statements  :

13.    All stars are clouds.

All clouds are rains.

All rains are stones.

Conclusions :

I. All rains are stars.

II. All clouds are stones.

(Ans : 2)  Explanation : SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 13

Statements  :

14.    All windows are doors.

Some doors are buildings.

All buildings are cages.

Conclusions :

I. Some cages are doors.

II. Some buildings are windows

(Ans : 1)  Explanation : SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 14

Statements  :

15.    Some chairs are rooms.

All rooms are trees.

All trees are poles.

Conclusions :

I. Some poles are chairs.

II. Some trees are chairs.

(Ans : 5)  Explanation : SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 15

Q. 16-20. Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the questions given below:

G M 5 I D # J K E 2 P T 4 W % A F 3 U 8 \$ N V 6 Q @ 7 H 1 © B 9 ? Z                                (SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 16 -25)

16. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(1) D J I

(2) F U A

(3) H @ 1 (Ans)

(5) I # 5

17. What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following series based on the above arrangement?

D J K    2 T 4    % F 3   ?

(1) U S V

(2) U \$ N

(3) 8 N V (Ans)

(4) 8 N I

(5) None of these

18. How many such numbers are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by a vowel and also immediately followed by a symbol?

(1) None

(2) One  (Ans)

(3) Two

(4) Three

(5) More than three

19. How many such consonants are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by a number but not immediately followed by a consonant?

(1) None

(2) One

(3) Two

(4) Three (Ans)

(5) More than three

20. Which of the following is the fourth to the right of the twelfth from the right end of the above arrangement?

(1) 8

(2) 7 (Ans)

(3) K

(4) A

(5) None of these

Q. 21-25.  Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A, B, C, D, E , F, G  and  H are sitting around a circle facing at the centre. F is third to the right of B who is third to the right of  H. A is third to the left of H. C is fourth to the left of A. E is  third to the right of D who is not a neighbour of A.

SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 16 -25

21.  In which of the following pairs the second person is to the immediate right of the first person?

(1) HC (Ans)

(2) BE

(3) GB

(4) FA

(5) None of these

22.  Who is second to the right of D?

(1) F

(2) G

(3) A

(5) None of these  (Ans)

23.  Who is third to the left of G?

(1) H

(2) D

(3) C (Ans)

(4) F

(5) None of these

24.  Who is fourth to the left of C?

(1) F

(2) A (Ans)

(3) E

(5) None of these

25. What is B's position with respect to D?

(A) Fourth to the right

(B) Fifth to the left

(C) Fifth to the right

(1) (A) only

(2) (B) only

(3) (A) and (B) only  (Ans)

(4) (C) and (D) only

(5) None of these

Q. 26-30. In each question below is given a group of letters followed by four combinations of digits/symbols numbered (1),(2),n(3) and (4). You have to find out which of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters based on the following coding system and mark the number of that combination as the answer. If none of the four combinations correctly represents the group of letters, mark (5) i.e. 'None of these' as the answer.

Letter         :  P M A K T I J E R N D F U W B

Digit/Symbol : 7 # 8 % 1 9 2 @ 3 © S 4 ? 5 6

Conditions :

(i)  If both the first and the last letters of the group are consonants, both are to be coded as the code for the last letter.

(ii) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, the codes are to be interchanged.

26. BDATFE

(1) 6\$8146

(2) 6\$814@

(3) @\$814@

(4) @\$8146  (Ans)

(5) None of these

27. AWBRND:

(5) None of these

28. EMNTKU:

(5) None of these

29. MDEAJI:

(1) 1\$@82#

(2) #\$@821

(3) 1\$@821

(4) #\$@82#

(5) None of these   (Ans)

30. RKUMFP:

(1) 7%?#43

(2) 3?%#47

(3) 3%?#43

(4) 3%?#47

(5) None of these  (Ans)

Q.31-35. In the following questions, the symbols S, @, ©, % and ?  are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:

'P @ Q' means 'P is not greater than Q'.

'P % Q' means 'P is not smaller than Q'.

'P ? Q' means 'P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q'.

'P © Q' means 'P is neither greater than nor equal to Q'.

'P \$ Q' means 'P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q'.

Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true?

(1) if only Conclusion I is true.

(2) if only Conclusion II is true.

(3) if either Conclusion I or II is true.

(4) if neither Conclusion I nor II is true.

(5) if both Conclusions I and II are true.

Ans:     P @ Q     P ? Q;    P % Q    P ≤ Q;    P * Q    P = Q

P © Q     P < Q;    P \$ Q     p > Q

Statements  :

31.  R \$ M,    M © F,     F % J.

Conclusions :

I. R \$ J

(Ans : 4)  Explanation :  R > M;    M < F;    F ≤ J

Statements  :

32M © D,   D @ K,    K ? N.

Conclusions :

I. N \$ D

II. K \$ N

(Ans : 2)  Explanation :  M < D;    D ? K;    K = N

Statements  :

33.  B @ D,    D \$ M,    M ? N.

Conclusions :

I. N @ D

II. D \$ N

(Ans : 2)  Explanation :  B ? D;    D > M;    M = N

Statements  :

34.  F \$ W,    W % J,    K @ N.

Conclusions :

I. J @ F

II. N % W

(Ans : 4)  Explanation :  F > W;    W ≤ J;   J ? N

Statements  :

35.  F © T,    T % R,    R \$ W.

Conclusions :

(Ans : 4)  Explanation :  F < T;    T ≤ R;   R > W

Q. 36-40. In each of the questions given below which one of the five answer figures on the right should come after the problem figures on the left, if the sequence were continued?

SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Qno. 36-40

SBI -Reasoning Part -1 -Ans No. 36-40

(Ans : 36 - 2)(Ans : 37 - 1)(Ans : 38 - 1)(Ans : 39 - 1)(Ans : 40 - 3)

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