State Bank of India Aptitude-Reasoning Contributed by Shreya Sekhar updated on Jan 2022

# SBI Reasoning Questions

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121. 1 How many meaningful English words can be formed with the letters ADIC using each letter only once in each word?

(1) None

(2) One  (Ans)

(3) Two

(4) Three

(5) More than three

122.2 Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group, which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(1) Violin

(2) Harp

(3) Guitar

(4) Flute  (Ans)

(5) Sitar

123. 3 If  it is possible to mark only one meaningful word with the first, fourth, fifth and tenth letters of the word TELEVISION, which of the fallowing would be the second letter of that word from the right end? If no such word can be made, give 'X' as your answer and if more than one such word can be formed, give your answer as 'Y'.

(1) X

(2) L

(3) N  (Ans)

(4) E

(5) Y

Explanation :  The First, fourth, fifth and tenth letters of the word TELEVISION are

= T, E, V, N

useful will be VENT.

so, second letter from right is N

124.4  In a certain code TRUMP is written SUTQN.  How is FIRED written in that code?

(1) GJQEF

(2) JGEQF

(3) JQFEF

(4) JGQFE

(5) JGQEF  (Ans)

125. 5 In a certain language 'give me more' is coded as '7 3 5', 'she has more' is coded as '9 7 1' and 'she asked me gently' is coded as '6 3 2 1'. Which of the following is the code for 'give' in that language?

(1) 5 (Ans)

(2) 7

(3) 6

(4) 9

(5) 1

Explanation :  give me more  ⇒  7 3 5

she has more ⇒  9 7 1

she asked me gently = 6 3 2 1

So, give = 5

126.  6 If each of the vowels in the word GOLIATHS is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series and each consonant is changed to the previous letter in the English alphabetical series, and then the alphabets so formed are arranged in alphabetical order from left to right, which of the following will be sixth from the left of the new arrangement thus formed?

(1) S

(2) P (Ans)

(3) G

(4) J

(5) F

Explanation :  After changing the word GOLIATHS will be  F P K J B S G R

The new word will be in alphabetical order

B F G J K P R S

So, sixth letter from left = P

127. 7  In a certain language 'WEAK' is coded as 4\$9β' and REST' is coded as 7\$8#' and 'WREK' is ceded as '4\$β7'. How will 'KEWRA' be coded in the same code?

(1) 7 4 \$ β #

(2) β7 \$8 #

(3) # β9 7 4

(4) \$ β7  9 4   (Ans)

(5) 4 7 8  β \$

Explanation : WEAK  ⇒  4 \$ 9 8, REST ⇒  7 \$ 8 #

and         WREK  ⇒  4 \$ 8 7

So,         KEWRA ⇒  4 \$ 9 8 7

128.8   How many such pairs of letters are there in the word FORMATION each of which has as many letters between them in the word (in both forward and backward directions) as they have between them in the English alphabetical order?

(1) None

(2) One

(3) Two  (Ans)

(4) Three

(5) More than three

Explanation :FORMATION ⇒

F _ _ _ _ _ _ _  _ _ N, ON

Ans     Two

129. 9 If the digits in the number 79246358 are arranged in descending order from left to right, what will be the difference between the digits which are third from the right and second from the left in the new arrangement?

(1) 1

(2) 2

(3) 3

(4) 4  (Ans)

(5) 5

Explanation : In descending order the number 79246358 will be 98765432

Difference between 8 and 4

= 8 - 4 = 4

130. 10'Music' is related to 'Notes' in the same way as 'Language' is related to _____

(1) Sentences

(2) Combination

(3) Grammar

(4) Alphabets  (Ans)

(5) Syntax

Explanation : Music ⇒  Notes

So, language ⇒  Alphabet

If 'P * Q means 'P is the mother of Q'.

If 'P x Q' means 'P is the father of Q'.

If 'P + Q' means 'P is the sister  of Q'.

If 'P - Q' means 'P is the brother of Q'.

If 'P > Q' means 'P is the son of Q'.

If 'P < Q' means 'P is the daughter of Q'.

131.11  In the expression 'A x B + R > S' how is S related to A?

(1) Daughter

(2) Son

(3) Niece (Ans)

(4) Nephew

(5) Cannot be determined

Explanation :A x B + R > S

Father                                                 sister                                     son

So,  S is wife of A

132.12. Which of the following means P is the father of S ?

(1) P x Q < R * S  (Ans)

(2) R x P < Q - S

(3) R + S > Q + P

(4) S + Q - R * P

(5) Cannot be determined

Explanation : P x Q < R * S

Father                                                son                                           mother

So, P is father of S

133. 13.In the expression 'P + Q> A - B' how is P related to B?

(1) Daughter

(2) Son

(3) Niece   (Ans)

(4) Nephew

(5) Cannot be determined

Explanation : P + Q > A - B

sister                                                   son                                             brother
⇒

So, P is niece of B

134. 14. Which of the following means D is the aunt of C?

(1) D > B * A * C

(2) D + B - C * A   (Ans)

(3) D - B - A x C

(4) D + B x A x C

(5) None of these

Explanation : D + B - C * A

sister                                         brother                                            mother

So, D is aunt of A

135. 15.In the expression 'W > X < Y  * Z 'how is W related to Z?

(1) Nephew   (Ans)

(2) Uncle

(3) Son

(4) Brother-in-law

(5) None of these

Explanation : W > X < Y * Z

⇒  W
son                                        daughter                                              mother

So, W is nephew of Z

Directions (136.16 - 140.20) : In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II, You have to take the given statements to be true even it they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically from the statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer (1) if only conclusion I follows.

Give answer (2) if only conclusion II follows.

Give answer (3) if either  conclusion I or conclusion II  follows.

Give answer (4) if neither  conclusion I nor conclusion II  follows.

Give answer (5) if both  conclusion I and II  follows.

136. 16. Statements :

All medicines are tables.

Some tables are tonics.

Some tonics are bitter.

Conclusions :

I. Some tablets are bitter.

II. No medicine is a tonic.

(Ans : 3)

Either conclusions I or II follows

137.17. Statements :

All incomes are salaries.

Some salaries are perks.

Some perks are tangible.

Conclusions :

I. Some incomes are tangible.

II. At least some perks are salaries.

(Ans : 2)

Only conclusions II follows.

138.18. Statements :

All roses are red.

Some red are colour.

All colour are colour.

Conclusions :

I. Some red are paints.

II. All red are rose.

(Ans : 1)

only conclusion I follows.

139.19. Statements :

Some casual are formal.

All formal are expensive.

All expensive are elegant.

Conclusions :

I. All formal are elegant.

II. Some casual are expensive.

(Ans : 5)

Both conclusion I and II follow.

140. 20.Statements :

All towns are cities.

All cities are urban.

Some urban are rural.

Conclusions :

I. Some towns are rural.

II. All rural are towns.

(Ans : 4)

Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

Directions (141.21-145.25) : The following questionsare based on five words given below:

RAT     ONE    BUT    AND      SAW

(The new words formed after performing the mentioned operations may or may not necessarily be meaningful English words)

141.21  If in each of the given words, each alphabet is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series, in how many words thus formed have the consonants changed to vowels ?

(1) One

(2) Two

(3) Three

(4) Four   (Ans)

(5) Five

Explanation : The square will be

RAT = SBU     BUT = CVU

ONE = POF     AND = BOE

SAW = WBX

So, Ans is 4.

142. 22. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word highlighted in bold, each of which has as many letters between them in the word (in both forward and backward directions) as they have between them in the English alphabetical order?

(1) None

(2) One    (Ans)

(3) Two

(4) Three

(5) Four

143. 23.In each of the given words, each consonants is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series, in how many words thus formed have the vowels (same or different) two or more times?

(1) None

(2) One

(3) Two

(4) Three    (Ans)

(5) Four

Explanation :

RAT = SAV         BUT = CUV

ONE = OOE        AND = AOE  and   SAW = WAX

So,  The words which have two or more vowels are = 3

144.24. If first letter of each word is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series, how many meaningful English words will be formed?

(1) One

(2) Two  (Ans)

(3) Three

(4) Four

(5) Five

Explanation :

RAT = SAT         BUT = CUT

ONE = PNE        AND = BND   and     SAW = TAW

The meaningful words are

SAT, CUT

145.  25.If the given words are arranged from left to right as they come in the dictionary which will be fourth from left?

(1) RAT   (Ans)

(2) ONE

(3) BUT

(4) AND

(5) SAW

Explanation : RAT will be fourth from left to right  146 - 150 : The arrangement will be

Friends             Cities                 Vehicles

Q                 Kolkata                 Airoplane

R                 Manglore                   Car

S                  Chennai                   Boat

T                    Delhi                     Train

146 .26- 150 .30:  Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow:

five friends P, Q, R, S and T start their ;journey separately from Goa to Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Hyderabad, Manglore via different means of transportation ie Bus, Train, Plane, Car and Yatch.

The person going to Delhi did not use yatch, R reached  Manglore by car and is used yatch, Q used plane to reach Kolkata and T completed his journey by train. Goa is not connected with Delhi and Chennai via bus.

146. 26 Which pair of place and transport is correct?

(1) Kolkata-Bus

(2) Delhi-Plane

(3) Manglore-Train

(4) Chennai-Yatch  (Ans)

147.27 Q : Kolkata as S : ?

(2) Chennai  (Ans)

(3) Manglore

(4) Delhi

(5) Can not be determined

148. 28.Who of the following trvelled to Delhi?

(1) T (Ans)

(2) R

(3) S

(4) P

(5) Q

149.  29.Which of the following is not correct for P?

(1) the travelled to Kolkata by bus

(2) the travelled to Delhi  by train

(3) the travelled to Chennai by yatch

(4) the travelled to Hyderabad  by bus  (Ans)

(5) None of these

150. 30.S travelled to___ by_____

(2) Chennai, yatch (Ans)

(3) Chennai, train

(4) Delhi, yatch

(5) Delhi, train

Directions (151.31-160.40) : In each of the questions given below which one of the five answer figures on the right should come after thy problem figures on the left, if the sequence we continued?

151. SBI -     (Ans : 3)

152. SBI -    (Ans : 2)

153. SBI -     (Ans : 5)

154. SBI    (Ans : 4)

155. SBI -    (Ans : 1)

156. SBI -    (Ans : 3)

157. SBI -    (Ans : 2)

158. SBI    (Ans : 2)

159. SBI -     (Ans : 5)

160. SBI -    (Ans : 4)

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