Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) Aptitude-English Contributed by Salis updated on Jun 2020
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                                                              TISS Test Paper

Language Ability

For Questions 1-5: Please read the passage below and answer the questions that follow

Towards the end of the 17th century, the British East India Company exported Indian fabrics to other countries. According to a French traveller of the 17th century, "the Indian cotton fabrics clothed everyone - from Cape of Good Hope to China, man and woman, from head to foot". Before the introduction of mechanised spinning in the early 19th century, all Indian cottons and silks were only hand woven. Preserved in museums around the world, are samples of Indian handmade fabrics, including that found in the ruins of Mohenjodaro. But many expressions of this traditional skill - Sambalpuri of Orissa, Jamdhani of West Bengal, Leheria of Gujarat, Paithan of Maharashtra, Ikkat of Andhra Pradesh and the triple-ply silks of Kancheepuram (Tamil Nadu) - are vibrantly alive today. Though every state is home to a range of unique fabrics in hundreds of designs, colours and textures, Indian fabrics constitute less than 2 per cent of the world textile trade.

1. The Indian fabrics referred to in the passage are …
(A) All hand woven / hand made
(B) Usually made of silk and cotton
(C) All of antique value
(D) All of the above

2. The expression ‘fabrics clothed everyone ... from head to toe’ appears in the passage. This refers to …
(A) Clothes which fit well.
(B) A cloth that can completely cover a person’s body
(C) Clothing made for all parts of the body.
(D) None of the above.

3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) India, even today, makes hand woven fabrics.
(B) India stopped making hand woven fabrics in the early19th century.
(C) Kancheepuram is famous for Leheria fabrics.
(D) French travellers exported Indian fabrics in the 17th century.

4. From the passage one can infer that…
(A) In the 17th century, a lot of French people visited India.
(B) At some point in history, Indian fabrics were popular across the world.
(C) Indian fabrics have not been able to keep up with the changes in international fashion.
(D) If not for the British, Indian fabrics would never have been exported to other countries.

5. According to the author, which of the following is a reason for the low percentage contribution of Indian fabrics to world textile trade?
(A) Indian fabrics do not have much variety in terms of colour and texture.
(B) Indian fabrics are mostly handmade and hence not up to international standards.
(C) Both a and b
(D) None of the above

For Questions 6 and 7: Choose the most appropriate option to fill the blank in the sentences:

6. I have ______________ her name for the post.
(A) recommended 
(B) commended
(C) demonstrated 
(D) distressed

7. Due to delayed monsoons, prices of vegetables have risen ________. This has made certain vegetables unaffordable to the common man.
(A) immediately 
(B) exponentially
(C) eventfully 
(D) simultaneously

8. Choose the option so that each pair of words is related in the similar manner.
Poem : Sculpture :: Pen : _____
(A) Chisel
(B) Tool
(C) Sculptor 
(D) Rock

For Questions 9 and 10 : Choose the most appropriate option of two words, to fill the two blanks in the sentences.

9. She received a standing ______ for her _____ performance.
(A) ovation … dull 
(B) claps … immense
(C) provocation … deliberate 
(D) ovation … enchanting

10. I am ______ to ______ home.
(A) going … go 
(B) planning … rush
(C) seeing … buy 
(D) run … going

For Questions 11, 12 and 13: Choose the option that contains a grammatically incorrect sentence.

11. (A) Wild flowers often grow around the well near to the temple.
(B) Wild flowers often growing around the well near the temple.
(C) Wild flowers often growing around the well near to the temple.
(D) Wild flowers often grow around the well near the temple.

12. (A) Why he is talking rudely always?
(B) Why does he always talk rudely?
(C) Why does he always talk so rude?
(D) Why he is talking rudely always?

13. (A) Did you remember to take the keys?
(B) Did you remember taking the keys?
(C) Do you remembered taking the keys?
(D) Do you remember to take up the keys?

For Questions 14 and 15: Given are sets of sentences. They need to be arranged in a sequence to form a coherent paragraph. Pick the option which gives the best sequence.

14. A Raag expresses the structure of the melody.
B Taal concerns itself with rhythm.
C There are more than 200 such Raags in Hindustani classical music.
D Raag and Taal are the fundamental elements of Hindustani classical music.

15. A However, all of these have made the greatest impact in the last century.
B Throughout this expansion, new technologies have been integrated into the mainstream.
C Since its development, roughly 10,000 years ago, agriculture has expanded vastly in geographical coverage and yield.
D Agricultural practices such as irrigation, crop rotation, fertilizers, and pesticides were also developed over the centuries.

For Questions 16 and 17: Choose the word that is different from the remaining words.

16. (A) Relation 
(B) Characteristic
(C) Trait 
(D) Attribute

17. (A) Sympathy 
(B) Empathy
(C) Apathy 
(D) Understanding

18. Select the option that is opposite in meaning to the words/phrases that is highlighted in the sentence.
This shopkeeper goes an extra mile to ensure that customers get the benefits of all special schemes.
(A) does more than expected
(B) shies away from physical labour
(C) makes no effort
(D) None of the above

19. Read the paragraph and select the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

The earliest forms of pottery discovered in the Indus valley date back to around 5000BC. These are similar to baskets in shape and most of the designs on these vessels are identical to woven motifs on earlier baskets. These decorative motifs were not just for ornamentation, but definitely had some ritual significance.
(A) Indus valley had designs similar to woven motifs on everything including its pottery and these had ritual significance.
(B) The pottery in the Indus valley had ritual significance. 
(C) The earliest forms of pottery in the Indus valley had a basket shape and designs similar to woven motifs having ritual significance.
(D) Indus valley’s earliest pottery was made around 5000BC and was of basket shape which was of ritual significance.

20. Choose the option that best replaces the highlighted part in the sentence.
The budget for this project being low has become an issue for the director.
(A) The budget for this project being low 
(B) The project’s budget being low
(C) The project’s low budget 
(D) This low budget project