Fundamental Rights of India-General Knowledge Questions and Answers updated on Aug 2019

Fundamental Rights of India-General Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Indian Constitution : Fundamental Rights and Citizenship

 

1. Which of the following is not a fundamental right in the Constitution of India?

Right to work

Right to Equality

Right to Freedom

Right to Freedom of Religion

Answer : Right to work


• The Fundamental Rights are dealt under part III, Article 12-35 of Indian Constitution.
• In the original Constitution there are 7 fundamental Rights. But as per the 44th constitutional amendment of 1978, the Right to property was made only as a legal right and deleted from the list of Fundamental Rights.

• The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution
1) Right to Equality (Article 14-18)
2) Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)
3) Right against exploitation (Article 23-24)
4) Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
5) Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
6) Right to Constitutional Remedies ( Article 32-35)

 

2. The Panchayath Raj system came in existence by the ____ ?

42nd Constitutional Amendment

52nd Constitutional Amendment

26th Constitutional Amendment

73rd Constitutional Amendment

Ans : 73rd Constitutional Amendment

 

• The 73rd amendment of 1992 of Indian Constitution made provisions for the creation of Panchayathi Raj system.
• The 74th amendment Act of 1992 (came in existence on 1993) of Indian Constitution made provisions for the creation of Urban local bodies (Nagarapalika Bill)
•  In 1976 as per the 42nd amendment, the words Socialism, Secularism, Unity and Integrity were added to the preamble of the constitution
• The Fundamental Duties were also incorporated as per the 42nd amendment .
• In consideration of the quantum of amendments, the 42nd amendment is also known as the 'Mini Constitution'.

 

3. Fundamental Rights have no value without?

Right to Freedom

Right to Freedom of Religion

Right to Property

Right to Constitutional Remedies

Answer : Right to Constitutional Remedies


•  Right to Constitutional Remedies is included as a Fundamental Right in Article 32-35.
• As per the provision of the right, the Supreme Court has the power to issue orders/Writs to safeguard the Fundamental Rights.
•  There are 5 types of writs:
1) Habeas Corpus- literally means 'to have the body'
2) Mandamus - literally means 'we command' - It is command of the Court to an official to perform official duties.
3) Prohibition
4) Certiorari
5) Qua-Waranto

•  Dr. B.R Ambedkar, the father of Indian constitution considers Article 32 as 'the heart and soul of Indian Constitution'.


4. Who certifies a bill as a money bill when it goes to other house or for President's assent?

Finance Minister

Prime Minister

Speaker of the House of People

Speaker of the Council of states

Answer : Speaker of the House of People

 

•  Speaker of the House of People/Lok sabha have the power to decide whether a bill is money bill or not.
•  Article 110 of the Indian constitution describes about money bill.
•  A money can be introduced only in Loksabha .
•  The Vice President of India is the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Council of States/Rajya Sabha.

 

5. Indian citizenship can be acquired by?

Birth

Descent

Registration

Naturalization

Any of the above

Answer : Any of the above

 

•  The matters of citizenship are deals in the Article 5-11 in Part II of the constitution.
•  As per the Indian Citizenship Act of 1955, by 5 ways can acquire Indian Citizenship- By birth, by descent, by registration, by naturalization and by incorporation of territory.

 

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