Logical Reasoning -Cause and Effect updated on Sep 2021
Cause and Effect is one of the most important topic of Reasoning aptitude tests. In your reasoning exam, few questions will definitely come from this topic. In this section, two statements will be present. The candidate will have to figure out which of them is the cause and whether the effect is what is present or not. These types of problems judge the reasoning and analytical power of the students. So, students are advised to read the statements very well to arrive at a particular conclusion.

Logical Reasoning

Cause and Effect-Cause and Effect

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Cause and Effect  Aptitude basics, practice questions, answers and explanations 
Prepare for companies tests and interviews
 

Introduction:

 

Questions based on cause and effect test the ability of the candidate to determine the relation between two events and examine how they are dependent on each other i.e. which of them is the cause for the other one.

Type– I: Directions:

Mark answer

(1) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause.
(2) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect.
(3) if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal  cause.
(4) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal  cause.
(5) None of these

Example 1:

Event (A): Mr. Amitab Bachchan received the best actor award.
Event (B): Mr. Amitab Bach cause of chan is a good actor.
Solution: Here, event (A) could be the cause for event (B) and vice-versa. The answer for this question is choice (5).

Type – II Directions:

Mark answer (1) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
Mark answer (2) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
Mark answer (3) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
Mark answer (4) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
Mark answer (5) if both the statements are effects of some common cause.

Example 2:

Statement (A):  Indonesia suffered a major earth quake today.
Statement (B): The term of the Indonesian prime Minister ends by December.
Solution: The two statements given above are independent of each other, but they lead to certain major consequences. Hence they are independent causes i.e, choice (3) is the answer.

Exercise questions:

1)  Event (A): Mr. X was killed in the floods.

     Event (B): It was raining heavily.

Options:

(1) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause.
(2) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect.
(3) if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal  cause.
(4) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal  cause.
(5) None of these

Solution: The given events are not related events as the place where Mr.X was killed and the place where it was raining heavily may or may not be the same.


2)Event (A): Bank perceive huge business opportunities in the insurance segment.

   Event (B): As many as 11 nationalised banks are entering into the lucrative insurance   market.

Options:

(1) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause.
(2) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect.
(3) if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal  cause.
(4) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal  cause.
(5) None of these

Solution: The bank perceive huge business opportunities in the insurance sector hence, they are in the process of entering into the sector. So, (A) is the  cause and (B) is its effect.


3)  Statement (A):  The shortage of employable talent has become severe.

  Statement (B): There are more job opportunities than there are qualified professionals.

Options:

Mark answer (1) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
Mark answer (2) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
Mark answer (3) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
Mark answer (4) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
Mark answer (5) if both the statements are effects of some common cause.

Solution: As the number of talented people is less, those with talent are getting more opportunities. Hence, (A) is the cause and (B) is its effect.


4) Statement (A): Recently, an Air India Airbus was grounded in Delhi because of a technical snag.

     Statement (B): Air India faces a severe shortage of maintenance engineers.

Options:

Mark answer (1) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
Mark answer (2) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
Mark answer (3) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
Mark answer (4) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
Mark answer (5) if both the statements are effects of some common cause.

Solution: As Air India is facing a severe shortage of maintenance engineers the technical snags is a common sight. Hence, (B) is the cause and (A) is the effect.

Cause and Effect is one of the most important topic of Reasoning aptitude tests. In your reasoning exam, few questions will definitely come from this topic. In this section, two statements will be present. The candidate will have to figure out which of them is the cause and whether the effect is what is present or not. These types of problems judge the reasoning and analytical power of the students. So, students are advised to read the statements very well to arrive at a particular conclusion. Freshersworld provides students or job seekers with questions and answers on Cause and effect. It also provides short tricks and tips to solve questions on Cause and effect with examples. What are the types of causes? 1. Immediate Cause: This is the cause that has occurred most recently. Consider the example of snowfall. Water is heated by the sun and it evaporates into the atmosphere. Once in the atmosphere, it cools down to a very low temperature and precipitates as snow. There are a few causes that have led to snowfall. The most immediate being the fact that the raindrops freeze in the low temperatures of the atmosphere. 2. Principal Cause: This is the main cause responsible for an event. The immediate cause may or may not be the Principal cause. 3. Independent cause: This is the cause that is independent of the events. In other words, the effect and the cause may not have a direct relationship or any relationship at all.
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