Logical Reasoning -More exercise questions

Statement and Assumptions-Exercise Questions

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1. Statement:

    “Use Kajaria Ceramics tiles to decorate your house”, - An advertisement.

    Assumptions:

    I. People want to decorate their house.

    II. Only ceramic tiles can make a house decorative.

   Options:

   (1) If only assumption I is implicit.

   (2) If only assumption II is implicit.

   (3) if either I or II is implicit.

   (4) if neither I  or II is implicit.

   (5) if both I and II are implicit.

 

2. Statement:

    “Just step in! We are concerned about all your needs with wide range of articles”- An    

    advertisement.

    Assumptions:

    I. Such advertisements are neglected by the people.

    II. People wish to have selective marketing.

   Options:

   (1) If only assumption I is implicit.

   (2) If only assumption II is implicit.

   (3) if either I or II is implicit.

   (4) if neither I  or II is implicit.

   (5) if both I and II are implicit.

 

3. Statement:

    The new EXIM policy envisages major changes in the earlier policy.

    Assumptions:

    I. EXIM Policy should not consistent with economic condition of the country and abroad.

    II. There has been some flaws in the earlier EXIM policy.

    Options:

    (1) If only assumption I is implicit.

    (2) If only assumption II is implicit.

    (3) if either I or II is implicit.

    (4) if neither I  or II is implicit.

    (5) if both I and II are implicit.

 

4. Statement:

    Kumar Sanjeev Ranjan dissatisfied with present salary and perks, joins another company.

    Assumptions:

    I. The new company gives to all their employees good salary.

    II. Present company runs in loss.

    Options:

    (1) If only assumption I is implicit.

    (2) If only assumption II is implicit.

    (3) if either I or II is implicit.

    (4) if neither I  or II is implicit.

    (5) if both I and II are implicit.

 

5. Statement:

    It is futile to discuss corruption at any forum. Corruption is rampant every where in the

    country.   

   Assumptions:

   I. Corruption is inevitable in any system.

   II. Corruption is a serious concern.

   Options:

   (1) If only assumption I is implicit.

   (2) If only assumption II is implicit.

   (3) if either I or II is implicit.

   (4) if neither I  or II is implicit.

   (5) if both I and II are implicit.

 

   Answer & Explanations

 

  1. Option(1). Exp: Obviously assumption I is implicit in the statement. The fact which is  

      highlighted or mentioned in the advertisement is liked or looked for by the people. The use

      of word “only” makes the second assumption invalid.

  2. Option (2). Exp: We know that any advertisement attracts some people. Therefore,

      assumption I is not implicit in the statement. Assumption II seems to be valid as the     

      advertisement mentions about variety of articles.

  3. Option (1). Exp: Obviously assumption I is implicit in the statement. EXIM policy should

      take into account the prevalent market condition. It is not proper to assume that earlier

      Policy is faulty. It may be that it is suitable in the context of prevailing market condition.

 4. Option (4). Exp: Neither of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. It is quite possible

     that the new company gives good salary only to Kumar Sanjeev Ranjan.

 5. Option (4). Exp: Both the assumptions are more or less personal views. Therefore, neither

    of these assumptions is implicit in the statement.

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