Tata Consultancy Services Aptitude-English Contributed by Sruthi updated on Jul 2019

TCS PAPER

 Synonym and antonym
1.Harbinger – forerunner, portent, indication
2.Cacophony – dissonance, disharmony
3.Divulge – reveal, disclose
4.Clutch – grasp, grab, clasp, hold
5.Acronym – short form, contraction, ellipsis
6.Illustrious – memorable, well–known, famous
7.Prolific – productive, abundant
8.Divergent – different, deviating, conflicting
9.Jaded – world-weary, tired, lackluster, worn-out, exhausted, bored, fed up
10. Mien – appearance, demeanor
11. Mitigate – alleviate, ease, lessen, soften, allay, moderate
12. Ambitious – determined, grand, striving
13. Aberration – deviation, abnormality, eccentricity, oddness
14. Foray – raid, sortie, incursion, attack, venture
15. Denounce – condemn, accuse, criticize

VERBAL SECTION:Directions for questions 1-15:Find the synonyms of the following words.
Synonyms: (Ref: Barron’s Synonyms and Antonyms)                                               
Ponderous – heavy, tedious, cumbersome
Mundane – ordinary, dull, monotonous, dreary
Icon – image, idol, emblem, symbol
Brackish – salty, briny
Mollify – placate, pacify, calm, appease, soothe
Depreciation – reduction, decline
Equanimity – composure, poise, calmness, self-control
Gist – general idea, substance, essence
Gaudy – garish, flashy, extravagant, loud, showy, colorful
Awry – skewed, crooked, wrong
Repartee – banter, joking, word play
Boisterous – energetic, animated
Ungainly – clumsy, awkward, ungraceful, miserly, mean, inelegant, gawky
Whimsical – fanciful, unusual, quirky, capricious
Asperity – roughness, severity, brusqueness
Cavil – quibble, complain, niggle, split hairs, carp
Quixotic – idealistic, romantic, dreamy, unrealistic, impracticable
Profound – deep, intense, thoughtful, reflective, philosophical, weighty, insightful
Incorrigible - habitual, persistent, inveterate, hopeless
Musty – mildewed, moldy, stale, rank, fusty, stuffy
Waif – stray, thing, lose, urchin, orphan
Irk – displease, vex, annoy, trouble, bother, nag, rile
Interdict – prohibit, veto, injunction, bar, embargo
Cohere - hold together
Rupture - break
Moribund – dying, declining, waning
Décolleté – low necked, revealing
Callow – inexperienced, immature, youthful
Balmy – mild, clement, pleasant
recalcitrant – unruly, disobedient, obstinate, stubborn
guile – cunningness, deviousness, slyness, cleverness, wiliness, astuteness

Antonyms
1.Compose     x disturb
2.Pristine       x sullied
3.Turbid        x limpid
4.Monetary    x non-economical
5. Revere        x threaten
6.Hamper       x facilitate
7.Transient    x permanence
8.Fascinate    x mundane
9.Fickle         x loyal
10.Contraband x legal goods
11.Repellent   x attractive
12.Slur          x grace
13.Protean     x constant
14.Hidebound x broadminded
15.Precipitate x dilatory/contradictory 

Sentence completion
A passage is given with multiple blanks. There was a passage abt Artists,abt Money mgmt,abt Cleanliness……

SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS.
Censure – fault, criticize
Optimum – best, most favorable
Candid – frank, open, blunt, upfront, forth-right
Cite – quote, name, mention, refer to, allude to
Effusive – demonstrative, fussy, talkative, overenthusiastic, vociferous, extroverted
Voluble – articulate, vociferous, talkative
Banal – commonplace, trivial, predictable, trite, hackneyed
Standing – rank, permanent, position, duration, status, reputation, eminence
Nascent – budding, emerging, blossoming, embryonic
Clutch – grasp, grab, hold
Generic – general, basic, common
Empirical – experimental, pragmatic, practical
Anomaly – irregularity, glitch, difference
Circuitous – roundabout, twisty, meandering, indirect, winding, tortuous
Surveillance – observation, watch, shadowing
Objective – aim, impartial, real, purpose, goal
Raucous – rough, wild, hoarse, guttering
Voracious – insatiable, avid, hungry, big, rapacious, greedy
Pedigree – rare-breed, full-blooded, lineage
Fidelity – loyalty, reliability
Augment – supplement, boost, add to, bump up
Precarious – unstable, shaky, risky, uncertain
Derogatory – disparaging, critical, insulting, offensive
Onus – responsibility, burden, obligation, duty
Analogous - similar, akin, related
Expedient – measure, convenient, device, maneuver
Compliance – fulfillment, obedience
Diffident – shy, insecure, timid
Plaintive – mournful, sad, melancholic, nostalgic, lamenting
Insinuate – imply, suggest, make-out, ingratiate yourself
Misdemeanor – wrong, sin, crime, offense
Exonerate – clear, forgive, absolve
Gregarious – outgoing, extroverted, sociable, expressive, unreserved
Benign – kind, benevolent, compassionate
Attenuate – satisfy, calm, soothe, ease
Sonorous – loud, deep, resonant, echoing
Bolster – boost, strengthen, reinforce, encourage
Heterodox – unorthodox, dissenting, contrary to accepted belief, heretical, deviating
Restiveness – impatience, restlessness, nervousness
Effigy – image, statue, model
Retrograde – retrospective, traditional, conservative, nostalgic,forward-looking(antonym)
Sacrosanct – sacred, holy, revered
Dangle – hang down, sway, droop, swing, suspend
Cryptic – mysterious, enigmatic, puzzling, hidden
Debilitate – incapacitate, weaken, hamper, encumber, hinder
Divulge – reveal, disclose
Spendthrift – wastrel, squanderer, compulsive shopper
Indigenous –native, original, local
Erroneous – mistaken, flawed, incorrect
Minion – follower, subordinate, underling, gofer
Veracity – reality, truth, sincerity


VERBAL REASONING
SYNONYMS:
1. CIRCUMSPECT 
      (i) CONDITION (ii) INSPECT (iii) CAUTIOUS  (IV) RECKLESS
2. ABYSMAL - terrible
     (i) SLIGHT   (ii) DEEP    (iii) ILLUSTRIOUS  (iv)  PROLIFIC 
3. DILIGENT – hardworking, industrious, meticulous, careful
        (i) INTELLIGENT (ii)…..(iii)……(iv)……
4.VEHEMENT
         (i) PASSIONATE    (ii) CONFESY     (iii) NOISY   (iv) MOQULIS
5) IMPETUS
         (i) CONNECT      (ii) CRUCIAL       (iii) STIMULUS    (iv) IMMEDIATE
6) ACRONYM
         (i) ABBREVIATION    (ii) SIMILAR
7) DISSEMINATE
        (i) FORECAST   (ii) SPREAD   (iii) BRANSP
8) HARBINGER
          (i) NAVAL    (ii) UNCOMMON  (iii) FORE RUNNER    (iv) GLORY

ANTONYMS:
1) TRACTABLE
        (i) OBJECTIONABLE  (ii) ENJOYABLE   (iii) ADAPTABLE   (iv) OBSTINATE
2) COVERT
        (i) MANIFEST   (ii) INVISIBLE   (iii) SCARED    (iv) ALTER
3) PENSIVE
        (i) REPENTENT     (ii) SAD     (iii) THOUGHTLESS      (iv) CARELESS
4) MITIGATE 
        (i) AGGRAVATE     (ii) RELIEVE    (iii) ELEMINATE      (iv) EXHUMAN
5) DIVERGENT
          (i) CONTRARY             (ii) COMING TOGETHER
          (iii) CONVERSANT      (iv) CONTROVERSY
6) DOGMATIC
           (i) SCEPTICAL   (ii) RESILIENT   (iii) STUBBORN    (iv) SUSPICIOUS
7) CLUTCH
           (i) HOLD     (ii) GRAB    (iii) RELEASE       (iv) SPREAD
8) MOTLEY
           (i) BULKY    (ii) SPECKLED     (iii) HOMOGENEOUS     (iv) DIFFERENT
9) RELINQUISH
           (i) PURSUE      (ii) VANQUISH     (iii) DESTROY          (iv) DEVASTATE
10) TRANSIENT
           (i) PERMANENT             (ii) REMOVED

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