BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED (A GOVT. OF INDIA ENTERPRISE)-BSNL All over India Technical Assistant Written Test Pattern and Examination Procedure
Mode of Selection: By means of competitive examination to be held in accordance with syllabus and Programme as under.
Time Limit :3 Hours
|PART||MARKS||Day & Time|
|Part -1||General Ability Test -20||
30 -06 -20 13 (Sunday) 10.00 AM to 01.00 PM
BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED (A GOVT. OF INDIA ENTERPRISE)-BSNL All over India Technical Assistant Written Test Pattern and Examination Procedure and Syllabus of the TTASSA Level Examination
Exam will be held at SSA level and Merit list will be drawn by respective SSA.
There shall be only One Paper of multiple choice objective type (OMR based) of three hours duration with the following details:
SCEHEME & SYLLABUS FOR TTA DIRECT RECRUITMENT EXAMINATION
The standard of paper in General ability test will be such as may be expected of an Engineering Diploma holder. The standard of papers in other subjects will be approximately be that of Diploma level of Indian Polytechnic. There shall be single multiple choice objective type Paper of 3 hours duration as per details given below:
Minimum qualifying marks for different category of candidates will be as follows:
(a) Minimum qualifying marks in the paper will be 40% for the General Category(OC) and 33% for the candidates of SC/ST/OBC/PH categories. The Question paper shall comprise of these parts of 20,90
and 90 each, as prescribed in the scheme and Syllabus . There will be a single paper of 200 marks and each question shall carry onemark.
(b) The minimum qualifying marks in each of the three parts of Question paper will be 30% for OC and 20% for candidates belonging to OBC/SC/ST categories i.e the minimum passing marks in each of the 3parts in respect of OBC/SC/ST, it will be 6,27 and 2 7 respectively whereas in respect of OBC/SC/ST, it will be 4,18 and 18 respectively.
(c) Further relaxation of 2% in marks will be given to the physically Handicapped candidates in each category viz OC-PH,OBC-PH,SC-PH and ST-PH.
(d)There will be negative markingfor each wrong one , 25% of mark of that question shall be deducted.
PART-I:GENERAL ABILITY TEST-20 MARKS
The candidate’s comprehension and understanding of General English shall be tested through simple exercise such as provision of antonyms and synonyms, fill in the blanks and multiple-
choice exercises etc. This shall also include questions on current events, general knowledge and such matters of everyday observation and experience as may be expected of Diploma holder.
PART -II:BASIC ENGINEERING-90 MARKS
Detailed Syllabus is as under:
1.Applied Mathematics ordinate Geometry; Vector Algebras, Matrix and Determinant ;Differential calculus ; Integral calculus, Differential equation of second order; Fourier Series;Laplace Transform; Complex Number; Partial Differentiation.
2.Applied Physics: Measurement-Units and Dimensions; Waves, Acoustics, Ultrasonic; Light; Laser and its Applications; Atomic Structure and Energy Levels.
3.Basic Electricity: Electrostatics, coulomb’s law, Electric field, Gauss’s theorem, concept of potential difference; concept of capacitance and capacitors; Ohm ‘s law, power energy, Kirchoff’svoltage and current laws and their applications in simple DC circuits; Basic Magnetism; Electromagnetism; Electromagnetic induction; Concept of alternating voltage & current; cells and Batteries ; Voltage and Current Sources; Tholepin's theorem, Norton’s theorem and their applications.
4.Electronic Devices and Circuits: Classification of materials into conductor ,semi conductor, insulator etc. electrical properties, magnetic materials, various types of relays, switches and connectors. Conventional representation of electric and electronic circuit elements. Active and Passive components; semi conductors Physics; Semi Conductor Diode; Bipolar Transistor & their circuits; Transistor Biasing & Stabilization of operating point; Single stage transistor amplifier; field effect transistor, Mosfet circuit applications. Multistage Transistor Amplifier; Transistor Audio Power Amplifiers; Feedback in Amplifier; Sinusoidal Oscillators; tuned Voltage Amplifier; Opto Electronics Devices and their applications; Operational Amplifier; wave shaping and switching circuits. Block diagram of I.C timer (such as 555) and its working; Multivibrator circuits; Time base circuits;T hyristors and UJT; Regulated Power Supply.
5.Digital Techniques: Applications and advantages of digital systems; number system (binary and hexadecimal); Logic Gates; Logic Simplification; Codes and Parity; Arithmetic Circuits; Decoders.Display Devices and Associated Circuits; Multiplexers and De- multiplexers; Latches and Flip Flops; Counters; Shift Register; Memories; A/D and D/A converters.
PART-III:SPECIALIZATION 90 MARKS
Detailed Syllabus is as under:
1.Electrical:3 phase vs single phase supply, Star Delta Connections, relation between phase & line voltage, power factor and their measurements; construction and principles of working of various types of electrical measuring instruments, all types of motor and generator -AC & DC transformers, starters, rectifiers, invertors, battery charges, batteries, servo and stepper motors, contactor control circuits, switch gear, relays, protection devices & schemes, substation, protection relaying,circuit breaker, generator protection, transformer protection, feeder & lightening protection, feeder & bus bar protection, lightening arrestor, earthing, voltage stabilizer & regulators, ower control devices & circuits, phase controlled rectifiers, invertors, choppers, dual converters, cycloconverters; power electronics application in control of drivers, refrigeration & air conditioning.
2.Communication:Modulation and demodulations-principles and operation of various types of AM,FM and PM modulators/demodulators;pulse modulation-TDM,PAM,PPM,PWM; Multiplexing,Principles and applications of PCM.Introductionof Basic block diagram of digital and data communication system; coding error detection and correction techniques; Digital Modulation Techniques-ASK,ICW,FSK,SK;Characteristics/working of data ansmission circuits; UART,USART; Modems; Protocols and theirfunctions, brief idea of ISDN interfaces, local area Network; Carrier telephony-Features of carriertelephone system. Microwave Engineering; Microwave Devices; Waveguides; Microwave Components; Microwaveantennas; Microwave Communication System -Block diagram & working principles of microwave communication link.
3.Network, Filters and Transmission Lines: Two point network, Attenuator; Filters; Transmission Lines and their applications; characteristic impedance of line; concept of reflection and standing waveson transmission line; Transmission line equation; Principle of impedance matching; Bandwidth consideration of transmission line.
4.Instruments and Measurements: Specification of instruments-accuracy, precision, sensitivity, resolution range. Error in measurement and loading effect; Principles of voltage, current and resistance measurement; Transducers, measurement of displacement & strain, force & torque measuring devices, flow of measuring devices, power control devices & circuits. Types of AC mill voltmeters-Amplifier rectifier amplifier: Block diagram explanation of a basic CRO and a triggered sweep oscilloscope, front panel controls; Impedance Bridges and Q-Meters. Principles of working and specification of logic probes, signal analyzer and logic analyzer, signal generator, distortion factor meter, spectrum analyzer.
5.Control Systems :Basic elements of control system , open and closed loop system, concepts of feedback. Block diagram of control system, Time lag, hysterisis linearity concepts; Self regulating and non self regulating control systems. Transfer function of simple control components, single feedback configuration. Time response of systems. Stability Analysis; Characteristics equation. Routh’s table, Nyquist Criterion, Relative stability, phase margin and gain margin.RouthHarwitz criterion; Root Locus technique, Bode plot, Powerplot, gain margin and phase margin.
6.Microprocessors: Typical organization of microcomputer system and functions of its various blocks, Architecture of a Microprocessor; Memories and I/O Interfacing; Brief idea of M/C & assemblylanguages, Machines and Mnemonic codes; Instructions format and Addressing mode; concept Instruction set; programming exercises in assembly language; concept of interrupt; Data transfertechniques-sync data transfer, async data transfer, interrupt driven data transfer, DMA, serial output data, serial input data.
7.Computer:Computers and its working, types of computers, familiarization with DOS and window-concept of file, directory, folder, Number Systems; Data Communication. Programming-Elements ofa high level programming language, PASCAL, C; use of basic data structures; Fundamentals of computer architecture, Processor design, control unit design; Memory organization. I/O SystemOrganization. Microprocessor -microprocessor architecture, instruction set and simple assembly level programming. Microprocessor based system design: typical examples. Personal computers and their typical uses, data communication principles, types and working principles of modems, Network principles, OSI model, functions of data link layer and network layer, networking components; communication protocol - x.25, TCP/IP.
Database Management System - basic concepts, entity relationship model, relational model, DBMSbased on relational model.
BSNL Junior Telecom Officers (JTO) Written Test Pattern and Syllbus
BSNL JTO exam consists of a 3 hour objective exam, consisting of three sections:
Section:1 & Section:2 contains questions from Engineering stream with 50 questions each
Section-3 contains 20 questions on general English & GK. TOTAL 120 QUESTIONS.
Syllabus for the JTO Engineering streams are given below JTO stream-wise, while syllabus for Section-3 (on English & GK) is given at the end.
Syllabus for BSNL Junior Telecom Officers (JTO) - (Telecom)SECTION - I : 50 QUESTIONS
1. Materials and components
Structure and properties of Electronic Engineering materials, Conductors, Semiconductors and Insulators, Magnetic, Ferroelectric, Piezoelectric, Ceramic, Optical and Superconducting materials. Passive components and characteristics, Resistors, Capacitors and Inductors; Ferrites, Quartz crystal, Ceramic resonators, Electromagnetic and Electromechanical components.
2. Physical Electronics, Electron Devices and ICs
Electrons and holes in semiconductors, Carrier Statistics, Mechanics of current flow in a semi-conductor, Hall effect; Junction theory; Different types of diodes and their characteristics; Bipolar Junction transistor; Field effect transistors; Power switching devices like SCRs, CTOs, power MOSFETs; Basics of ICs-bipolar, MOS and CMOS types; Basics of Opto Electronics.
3. Network theory
Network analysis techniques: Network theorem, transcient and steady state sinusoidal response, Transmission criteria: delay and rise time Elmore’s and other definition, effect of cascading. Elements of network synthesis.
4. Electromagnetic Theory
Transmission lines: basic theory, standing waves, matching applications, microstrip lines; Basics of waveguides and resonators; Elements of antenna theory.
5. Electronic Measurements and instrumentation
Basic concepts, standards and error analysis; Measurements of basic electrical quantities and parameters; Electronic measuring instruments and their principles of working: analog and digital, comparison, characteristics, applications. Transducers; Electronic measurements of non-electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, humidity etc. Basics of telemetry for industrial use.
6. Power Electronics
Power Semiconductor devices, Thyristor, Power transistor, MOSFETs, Characteristics and operation. AC to DC convertors; 1-Phase and 3-phase DC to DC Convertors.
AC regulators. Thyristor controlled reactors, switched capacitor networks.
Inverters: Single-phase and 3-phase. Pulse width modulation. Sinusoidal modulation with uniform sampling. Switched mode power supplies.
SECTION-II: 50 QUESTIONS1. Analog Electronic Circuits
Transistor biasing and stabilization, Small Signal analysis. Power amplifiers. Frequency response, Wide band techniques, Feedback amplifiers. Tuned amplifiers. Oscillators. Rectifiers and power supplies. Operational Amplifier, other linear integrated circuits and applications. Pulse shaping circuits and waveform generators.
2. Digital Electronic Circuits
Transistor as a switching element; Boolean algebra, simplification of Boolean functions, Karnaugh Map and applications; IC Logic gates and their characteristics; IC logic families: DTL, TTL, ECL, NMOS, PMOS and CMOS gates and their comparison; Combinational logic circuits; Half adder, full adder; Digital Compartor; Multiplexer Demultiplexer; ROM and their applications. Flip-flops, R-S, J-K, D and T flip-flops; Different types of counters and registers; waveform generators. A/D and D/A convertors. Semiconductor memories.
3. Control Systems
Transient and steady state response of control systems; Effect of feedback on stability and sensitivity, Root locus techniques; Frequency response analysis. Concepts of gain and phase margins; Constant-M and Constant-N Nichol’s Chart; Approximation of transient response from Constant-N Nichol’s Chart; Approximation of transient response from closed loop frequency response; Design of Control Systems, Compensators; Industrial controllers.
4. Communication systems
Basic information theory: Modulation and detection in analogue and digital systems; Sampling and data reconstruction. Quantization & Coding; Time division and frequency division multiplexing; Equalisation; Optical Communication: in free space & fibre optic; Propagation of signals at HF, VHF, UHF and microwave frequency; Satellite communication.
5. Microwave Engineering
Microwave Tubes and solid state devices, Microwave generation and amplifiers, Waveguides and other Microwave Components and Circuits, Microstrip circuits, Microwave antennas, Microwave Measurements, MASERS LASERS; Microwave Propogation. Microwave Communication Systems-terrestrial and satellite based.
6. Computer Engineering
Number Systems; Data representation; Programming; Elements of a high level programming language PASCAL/C; use of basic data structures; Fundamentals of computer architecture processor design; Control unit design; Memory organization. I/O System Organization. Personal computers and their typical uses.
Microprocessor architecture - Instruction set and simple assembly language programming. Interfacing for memory and I/O. Applications of Microprocessors in Telecommunications and power system.
Syllabus for BSNL Junior Telecom Officers (JTO) - (Civil)
SECTION-I: 50 QUESTIONS1. BUILDING MATERIAL:
Timber: Different types and species of structural timber, density-moisture relationship, strength in different directions, defects, influence of defects on permissible stress, preservation, dry and wet rots, plywood, codal provision for design.
Bricks: Types, Indian standard classification, absorption, saturation factor, strength in masonry, influence of mortar strength and masonary strength.
Cement: Compounds, different types, setting times, strength.
Cement Mortar: Ingredients, proportions, water demands, mortar for plastering and masonry.
Concrete: Importance of W/C ratio, strength, ingredients including admixtures, workability, testing, elasticity, non-destructive testing mix design method.
2. SOLID MECHANICS
Elastic constants, stress, plane stress, Mohr’s circle of stress, strains, plain strain, Mohr’s circle of strain, combined stress. Elastic theories of Failure, simple and shear bending, Torsion of circular and rectangular section and simple members.
3. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Analysis of determinate structures- different methods including graphical methods. Analysis of indeterminate skeletal frames- moment distribution, slope deflection, stiffness and force methods, energy methods. Muller-Breslau principal and application. Plastic analysis of indeterminate beams and simple frames-shape factors.
4. DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES
Principle of working stress method. Design of connections of simple members. Built up sections and frames. Design of Industrial roofs. Principles of ultimate load design. Design of members and frames.
5. DESIGN OF CONCRETE AND MASONRY STRUCTURES.
Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces, Codal provisions for slabs, beams, walls and footings. Working stress method of design of R.C. members.
Principles of prestressed concrete design, material, method of prestressing losses. Design of simple members and determinates structures. Introductions to prestressing of indeterminate structures.
Design of brick masonary as per I.S. codes.
6. CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT.
Weight batcher, Mixer, vibrator, batching plant, concrete pump.
Cranes, hoists, lifting equipment.
Power shovel, hoe, dozer, dumper, trailers and tractors, rollers, sheep foot rollers, pumps.
Construction, planning and Management:
Bar chart, linked bar chart, work break down structures, Activity-on-arrow diagrams. Critical path, probabilistic activity durations; Event-based networks.
PERT network: Time-cost study, crashing; Resource allocation.
SECTION- II 50 QUESTIONS1. (a) FLUID MECHANICS, OPEN CHANNEL, PIPE FLOW:
Fluid properties, pressure, thrust, Buoyancy, Flow Kinematics, integration, of flow equation, Flow measurement, Relative motion, Moment of momentum, Viscosity, Boundary layer and control, Drag, Lift, Dimensional analysis, Modeling, Cavitations, Flow oscillations, Momentum and Energy principles, in open cannel flow, Flow control, Hydraulic jump, Flow section and properties, Normal flow, Gradually varied flow, Flow development and losses in pipe flows, Measurements, Siphons, Surges and Water hammer, Delivery of Power Pipe networks.
(b) HYDRAULIC MACHINES AND HYDROPOWER
Centrifugal pumps, performance parameters, scaling, pumps in parallel, Reciprocating pumps, air vessels, performance parameters;
2. (a) HYDROLOGY:
Hydrological cycle, precipitation and related data analysis, PMP, unit and synthetic hydrographs, Evaporation and transpiration, floods and their management, PMG, Streams and their gauging, .River morphology. Rooting of floods, Capacity of reservoirs.
(b) WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING:
Water resources of the globe: Multipurpose uses of Water, Soil Plant water relationships, irrigation systems, water demand assessment, Storage and their yields, ground water yield and well Hydraulics, Water logging, drainage design, Irrigation revenue, Design of rigid boundary canals, Lacey’ and Tractive force concepts in canal design, lining of canals; Sediment transport in canals; Non-Overflow and overflow sections of gravity dams and their design, Energy dissipaters and tail water rating, Design of head works, distribution work, falls, cross-drainage work, outlets, River training.
3. (a)WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING.
Sources of supply, yield, design of intakes and conductors, Estimation of demand, Water quality standards, Control of water born diseases. Primary and secondary treatment, detailing and maintenance of treatment units. Conveyance and distribution systems of treated water, leakage and control, Rural water supply, Institutional and Industrial water supply.
(b) WASTE WATER ENGINEERING
Urban rain water disposal, system of sewage collection and disposal, Design of sewers and sewerages systems, pumping, Characteristic of sewage and its treatment, Disposal of products of sewage treatment, stream flow rejuvenation, Institutional and industrial sewage management, plumbing system, Rural and semi-urban sanitation.
( c) SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Sources, classification, collection and disposal, Design and Management of landfills.
(d) AIR AND NOISE POLLUTION AND ECOLOGY.
Sources and effects of air pollution, monitoring of Air pollution, Noise-pollution and standards; Ecological Chain and balance, Environmental assessment.
4. (a) SOIL MECHANICS
Properties of soils, classification and interrelationship, Compaction behavior, method of compaction and their choice, Permeability and seepage, flow nets, Inverter filters, Compressibility and consolidation ,shearing resistance, stresses and failure, SO testing in laboratory and in-situ, Stress path and applications, Earth pressure theories, stress distribution in soil, soil exploration, samplers, load tests ,penetration tests.
(b) FOUNDATION ENGINEERING
Type of foundations, Selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement, laboratory and field test, Types of piles and their design and layout, Foundations on expansive soils, swelling and it prevention , foundation on swelling soils.
5. (a) SURVEYING
Classification of surveys, scales, accuracy, Measurement of distances-direct and indirect methods, optical and electronic devices, Measurement of directions, prismatic compass, local attraction, Theodolites-types Measurment of elevations, Spirit and trigonometric leveling, Relief representation,Contours,Digital elevation modeling concept, Establishment of control by triangulations and traversing measurements and adjustment of observations, computation of coordinates, Field astronomy, concept of global positioning system, Map preparation by plane tabling and by photogrammetry, Remote sensing concepts, map substitutes.
(b) TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Planning of highway systems, alignment and geometric design, horizontal and vertical curves, grade separation, Materials and construction methods for different surfaces and maintenance, Principles of pavement design, Drainage.Traffic surveys, intersections, signalling, Mass transit systems, accessibility, networking.
Planning of railway systems, terminology and designs, relating to gauge, track controls, transits, rolling stock, tractive power and track modernization, Maintenance Appurtenant works, Containerisation.
Syllabus for BSNL Junior Telecom Officers (JTO) - (Electrical)
SECTION-I: 50 QUESTIONS1. EM Theory
Electric and magnetic fields. Gauss's Law and Amperes Law. Fields in dielectrics, conductors and magnetic materials. Maxwell's equations. Time varying fields. Plane-Wave propagating in dielectric and conducting media. Transmission lines.
2. Electrical Materials
Band Theory, Conductors, Semi-conductors. and Insulators. Superconductivity. Insulators for electrical and electronic applications. Magnetic materials. Ferro and ferri magnetism. Ceramics, Properties and applications. Hall effect alJd its applications. Special semi conductors.
3. Electrical Circuits
Circuits elements. Kirchoff's Laws. Mesh and nodal analysis. Network Theorems and applications. Natural response and forced response. Transient response and steady state response for arbitrary inputs. Properties of networks in terms of poles and zeros. Transfer function. Resonant circuits. Three phase circuits. Two-port networks. Elements of two-element network synthesis.
4. Measurements and Instrumentation
Units and Standards. Error analysis, measurement of current, Voltage, power, Power-factor and energy. Indicating instruments. Measurement of resistance, inductance, Capacitance and frequency. Bridge measurements. Electronic measuring instruments. Digital Voltmeter and frequency counter. Transducers and their applications to the measurement of non-electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, flow-rate displacement, acceleration, noise level etc. Data acquisition systems. AID and D/A converters.
5. Control System
Mathematical modelling of physical systems. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs and their reduction. Time domain and frequency domain analysis of linear dynamical system. Errors for different type of inputs and stability criteria for feedback systems. Stability analysis using Routh-Hurwitz array, Nyquist plot and Bode plot. Root locus and Nicols chart and the estimation of gain and phase margin. Basic concepts of compensator design. State variable matrix and its use in system modelling and design. Sampled data system and performance of such a system with the samples in the error channel. Stability of sampled data system. Elements of non-linear control analysis. Control system components, electromechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic components.
SECTION-II: 50 QUESTIONS1. Electrical Machines and Power Transformers
Magnetic Circuits - Analysis and Design of Power transformers. Construction and testing. Equivalent circuits. Losses and efficiency. Regulation. Auto-transformer, 3-phase transformer. Parallel operation.
Basic concepts in rotating machines. EMF, torque, basic machine types. Construction and operation, leakage losses and efficiency.
D.C. Machines. Construction, Excitation methods. Circuit models. Armature reaction and commutation. Characteristics and performance analysis. Generators and motors. Starting and speed control. Testing, Losses and efficiency.
Synchronous Machines. Construction. Circuit model. Operating characteristics and performance analysis. Synchronous reactance. Efficiency. Voltage regulation. Salient-pole machine, Parallel operation. . tiunting. Short circuit transients.
Induction Machines. Construction. Principle of operation. Rotating fields. Characteristics and performance analysis. Determination of circuit model. Circle diagram. Starting and speed control.
Fractional KW motors. Single-phase synchronous and induction motors.
2. Power systems
Types of Power Stations, Hydro, Thermal and Nuclear Stations. Pumped storage plants. Economics and operating factors.
Power transmission lines. Modeling and performance characteristics. Voltage control. Load flow studies. Optimal power system operation. Load frequency control. Symmetrical short circuit analysis. ZBus formulation.
Symmetrical Components. Per Unit representation. Fault analysis. Transient and steady-state stability of power systems. Equal area criterion.
Power system Transients. Power system Protection Circuit breakers. Relays. HVDC transmission.
3. Analog and Digital Electronics and Circuits
Semiconductor device physics, PN junctions and transistors, circuit models and parameters, FET, Zener, tunnel, Schottky, photo diodes and their applications, rectifier circuits, voltage regulators and multipliers, switching behavior of diodes and transistors.
Small signal amplifiers, biasing circuits, frequency response and improvement, multistage amplifiers and feed-back amplifiers, D.C. amplifiers, Oscillators. Large signal amplifiers, coupling methods, push pull amplifiers, operational amplifiers, wave shaping circuits. Multivibrators and flip-flops and their applications. Digital logic gate families, universal gates-combination circuits for arithmetic and logic operational, sequential logic circuits. Counters, registers, RAM and ROMs.
Microprocessor architecture-Instruction set and simple assembly language programming. Interfacing for memory and I/O. Applications of Micro-processors in power system.
5. Communication Systems
Types of modulation; AM, FM and PM. Demodulators. Noise and bandwidth considerations. Digital communication systems. Pulse code modulation and demodulation. Elements of sound and vision broadcasting. Carrier communication. Frequency division and time division multiplexing, Telemetry system in power engineering.
6. Power Electronics
Power Semiconductor devices. Thyristor. Power transistor, GTOs and MOSFETS. Characteristics and operation. AC to DC Converters; 1phase and 3-phase DC to DC Converters; AC regulators. Thyristor controlled reactors; switched capacitor networks.Inverters; single-phase and 3-phase. Pulse width modulation. Sinusoidal modulation with uniform sampling. Switched mode power supplies.
BSNL JTO Syllabus for Section-III (General ability test): 20 questions
Common to all JTO streamsThe candidate’s comprehension and understanding of General English shall be tested through simple exercises.
Questions on knowledge of current events and of such matter of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person.
Questions will also be included on events and developments in Telecommunications, History of India and Geography. These will be of a nature, which can be answered without special study by an educated person.